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The five monarchs of the 118 year Tudor Dynasty in England 1486-1603 -- particularly Henry VIII r1509-47 and his daughter Elizabeth I r1558-1603 -- had an enormous impact on Ireland and its people In addition to imposing Poynings Law on Ireland they ousted the Catholic Church with the Pope as its head and replaced it with a Protestant Church with the English Crown as its head thereby sowing the seeds for centuries of religious conflict in Ireland they extinguished the Kildare Supremacy and established the principle that the King of England automatically became King of Ireland they partially destroyed Irish culture through an anglicization program that imposed Englands language laws culture and religion on Ireland and they re-conquered Ireland by defeating the Gaelic lords at Kinsale thereby extinguishing the old Gaelic order and paving the way for plantations and eventually for union with England The Tudor Dynasty began when Henry Tudor a Lancaster defeated Richard III a York at Bosworth Field in 1485 thereby ending the War of Roses 1455-85 between the royal Houses of Lancaster and York who had been vying for the Crown Tudor then took the throne as Henry VII after which he united the two houses by marrying Elizabeth of York and executing all other potential heirs from the House of York Henry VIIs major contribution to Irish history was forcing the Irish parliament to adopt Poyningss Law 1494 This law which was prompted by Irelands support of the Yorkist side in the Wars of the Roses gave the English Privy Council a veto over legislation proposed in future Irish parliaments Henry VII died in 1509 and was succeeded by his second son Henry VIII the most colorful of the medieval monarchs Almost immediately Henry VIII determined to assert a greater degree of sovereignty over Ireland He was uncomfortable with the fact that his chief deputy in Ireland the Earl of Kildare was an English rebel who did
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