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Civil war had destroyed both social stability and the economy Also few people had enough political experience to bind Mexico together The first constitution spread in 1824 giving state legislators the power to elect both the president and the vice president A result of this constitution caused a series of weak presidents struggled to form an effective government During this time Mexicos political elite began to divide into two opposing factions conservatives and liberals The conservatives favored a highly centralized government and wanted to maintain the Catholic Churchs power and control of educational facilities The liberals wanted a federation of states that was not strictly controlled by a central government They also sought to limit the power of the Catholic Church foster public education rather than church-controlled education and institute social reforms Vicente Guerrero became president in 1829 but was shot and killed in 1831 by forces led by conservative political and military leader Anastasio Bustamante Revolt followed revolt until 1833 when Antonio Lpez de Santa Anna was elected president In 1834 a political crisis resulted in the overthrow of the constitution of 1824 A new centralist constitution which stripped the Mexican states of their autonomy was enacted in 1836 Protests against centralization encouraged the Texans to rebel against Mexican authority in 1835 in what came to be known as the Texas Revolution Santa Anna was called back to the presidency to attempt to save the republic Mexican forces were defeated in battle after battle however and US troops occupied much of northern Mexico by the end of the year Mexico City fell on September 14 1847 and Mexican forces surrendered soon thereafter The Ro Grande was fixed as the southern boundary of Texas Territory which now forms the states of California Nevada Utah Arizona Colorado New Mexico and Wyoming became part of the United States Liberal rebel leader Juan lvarez became the provisional president of Mexico The 1855 takeover of the government
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