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Word Count: 798
Thomas Hobbes wrote Leviathan as a testament on how to run a country In fact it is very comparable to Machiavelli and his works Hobbes is a monarchist and an absolutist as his works reflect His work came about during political instability as it was published in 1651 Though his philosophy of the universe is fairly elementary his views on absolute sovereignty and commonwealths are brilliant The introduction states Hobbes belief that civil peace and social unity are best achieved by the establishment of a commonwealth through social contract His ideal commonwealth is ruled by a sovereign power responsible for protecting the security of the commonwealth and granted absolute authority to ensure the common defense In his introduction he refers to the commonwealth as an artificial person that mimics the human body The first three chapters explain Hobbes ideas on the mechanics of the human mind the topics of sense imagination and train of thought Hobbes finds that humans are in fact very closely related to nature He feels that nature is all around us yet we are part of it as well He envisions the world as matter constantly colliding into each other This in turn creates his philosophy that the universe eventually transfers into the skin causing eyes nose tongue and skin to physically move His sense refers to this physicality and the messages sent to the brain and the action of external bodies colliding with our sensitive organs As stated above matter cannot move itself If an object is left lying on the ground undisturbed it will remain undisturbed forever Likewise if matter were left in motion it would remain in motion unless acted upon by other matter Hobbes believes that the never-ending motion is responsible for imagination He explains through an example of remaining vision after one has closed their eyes His idea states that this is simply matter that has not left the body and has caused a new set
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