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Candide - Voltaires Writing Style- In Candide Voltaire uses many writing techniques which can also be found in the works of Cervantes Alighieri Rabelais and Moliere The use of the various styles and conventions shows that despite the passage of centuries and the language differences certain writing techniques will always be effective One common literary technique is the authors use of one or more of his characters as his voice to speak out the authors views on a certain subject For instance in Molieres Tartuffe the author uses the character of Cleante to speak out against religious hypocrites page 1419 lines 99-102 Nothing that I more cherish and admire Than honest zeal and true religious fire So there is nothing that I find more base Than specious pietys dishonest face In Candide Voltaire makes use of several characters to voice his opinion mocking philosophical optimism On page 1594 Candide is asking a gentleman about whether everything is for the best in the physical world as well as the moral universe The man replies I believe nothing of the sort I find that everything goes wrong in our world that nobody knows his place in society or his duty what hes doing or what he ought to be doing and that outside of mealtimesthe rest of the day is spent in useless quarrels-its one unending warfare By having this character take on such a pessimistic tone he directly contradicts the obviously over-optimistic tone of Candide In the conclusion page 1617 an old turk instructs Candide in the futility of needless philosophizing by saying that the work keeps us from three great evils boredom vice and poverty In each of these examples the character chosen by the author comes across as a reasonable and respectable
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