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Francisco Franco was born in El Ferrol Spain on December 4th 1892 He was the second son of a father who was a naval paymaster and a devout catholic mother Francos father was eccentric wasteful and somewhat dissolute Trythall pg 1 Franco was destined for a career as a naval office but reduction of admissions forced him to choose the army At age fourteen he gained admission to Spains premiere military institution the Infantry Academy at Toledo By age twenty he was promoted to first lieutenant in an elite regiment of native Moroccan Calvery Franco quickly rose through military ranks He developed a lifelong reputation as an invincible fighterencarta-Esenwein In 1915 he became the youngest captain in the Spanish army By age thirty four he was Europes youngest general since Napoleon I In 1931 Spains second republic was formed after ruler Primo de Riveras hold on power had come to an abrupt end The founding of the second republic enraged conservatives including Franco who was a stanch traditionalist and loyal defender or the Spanish crownEsenwein pg 4 The new republic shut down the Academia General Militar in Zaragoza which Franco had headed since it opened in 1928 At first Franco didnt involve himself in any antigovernment activities He had been taught to respect authority and accepted the new regime with perfect discipline Conservative forces gained control of the republic 1933 Franco was restored to active command In 1934 he was promoted to major general He was appointed to chief of staff one of the highest positions in the Spanish Army in 1935 Although in 1936 the government shifted back to the republic and Franco grew very frustrated He then aligned himself with a group of right wing military conspirators who were becoming anxious to overthrow the government In 1937 Franco abolished all political parties except the rebel Falange He became its head and assumed the title El Caudillo During the Civil War Franco
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