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The Vietnam War was a military struggle fought in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975 It began as a determined attempt by Communist guerrillas in the South backed by Communist North Vietnam to overthrow the government of South Vietnam The struggle between North and South Vietnam ultimately widened into a limited international conflict The United States along with other countries supported South Vietnam by supplying them with troops and munitions North Vietnam and the Vietcong were furnished munitions by the USSR and the Peoples Republic of China On both sides however the burden of the war fell mainly on the civilians The war also engulfed Laos where the Communist Pathet Lao fought the government from 1965 to 1973 and succeeded in abolishing the monarchy in 1975 and Cambodia where the government surrendered in 1973 to the Communist Khmer Rouge The position taken by Diem won the backing of the U S The government in Hanoi however indicated its determination to renunify the nation under Hanoi The truce arranged at Geneva began to crumble and by January 1957 the International Control Commission set up to implement the Geneva accords was reporting armistice violations by both North and South Vietnam Throughout the rest of the year Communist sympathizers who had gone north after the partition began returning south in increasing numbers The Vietcongs began launching attacks on U S military installations that had been established and in 1959 began their guerilla attacks on the Diem governmentThe attacks were intensified in 1960 the year in which North Vietnam proclaimed its intention to liberate South Vietnam from the ruling of the U S imperialists The statement served to reinforce the belief that the Vietcong were being directed by Hanoi On November 10 the Saigon government charged that regular North Vietnamese troops were talking a direct part in Vietcong attacks in South Vietnam To show that the guerrilla movement was independent however the Vietcong set up their own political arm known
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