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Word Count: 622
The problem facing government after the defeat of the Confederate States was what should be done with these states and how can they be brought back into the union There were plans for this reconstruction set forth by both Andrew Johnson and Abraham Lincoln as well as by Congress These three sources wanted the full restoration of the United States but faced the problem of socio-economic permanence in the South However they differed on many aspects Lincoln set forth a plan know as the Ten Percent Plan in which pardon was offered to any Confederate who would swear to support the Union and the Constitution Once a group in any state equal in number to one tenth of that states total vote in the election of 1860 took the oath to support and created a government that abolished slavery Lincoln would grant that government recognition Lincolns plan had quick opposition in Congress by the Radicals who believed that the power would be restored to the Planter nobility In July 1864 Congress passed the Wade-Davis Bill which required fifty percent of a states male voters to take an oath that they had never voluntarily supported the Confederacy Lincoln however vetoed the Wade-Davis Bill from becoming law and he implemented his own plan Several states had tried to follow Lincolns plan such as Louisiana Arkansas Virginia and Tennessee Congress refused to seat the parties from these states and when President Lincoln was assassinated in 1865 Congress was going no where with Lincolns Plan After Johnson became President he moved to enact Lincolns program but modified it Under Johnsons Plan the states of the former Confederacy would be established with new states governments including governors appointed by him The states were to abolish slavery and Confederate Debt would be repudiated However the whites still refused to give blacks any rights Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment which gives blacks citizenship extended basic civil rights to all citizens and pardoned
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