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Design proposalLow cost solution for electricity shortage in African rural areaSocial Problem From the photo of earth at night shot by NASA satellite we can see that its blinking in the America Japan and Western Europe China and India are also shinning too But theres a huge area of darkness in the middle of the map with only sparse light decorates Thats Africa continent Even after hundred years of the invention of light bulb most African still live in the darkness after nightfall Children are not able to study after dusk people cannot work production ceases and industries are idled hampering economic growth jobs and livelihoods Below are some main factors why some African countries still urge for electricity even though the African continent is well endowed both with fossil fuels and renewable resources Key Issues in Africas Energy SectorLow access and insufficient capacityThe main challenge most African countries face is insufficient generation capacity which results in limited electricity supply and low access According to the African Development Bank group excluding South Africa the entire installed generation capacity of sub-Saharan Africa is only 28 Gigawatts equivalent to that of Argentina In Tanzania only 14 percent of people get any electricity at all Across sub-Saharan Africa fully 590 million people lack access to power And its a life-or-death issue Indoor air pollution from wood stovesnow kills 35 million people per yearmorethan AIDS and malaria combinedPoor reliabilityAfrican manufacturing enterprises experience power outages on average 56 days per year As a result firms lose 6 percent of sales revenues in the informal sector Where back-up generation is limited losses can be as high as 20 percent The periodic outages underscored the fact that Africa has a massive electricity problem High costsPower tariffs in most parts of the developing world fall in the range of US004 to US008 per kilowatt-hour For instance in 2010 the average effective tariff in South Asia was US 004kWh while that
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