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Word Count: 430
According to Sophocles The greatest griefs are those we cause ourselves In other words desire greed pride love and hate all of these emotions come from a humans mind that is the real cause of sorrows A humans greatest enemy is itself I agree with this quote which also relates to a tragic novel Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton The author used many literary elements such as symbolism and characterization to convey her message For instance Ethan Frome the protagonist of the story is a crippled frail and sad looking man whose unhappiness and weakness causes him to become a prisoner for life Ethan goes through many circles of events First he confronts loneliness and marries Zeena whom he does not love Second he takes care of sickly Zeena Ethan then sees a little chance of happiness which brings about Mattie Zeenas Cousin who takes care of Zeena Ethan falls in love with her However being an unlucky man he watches his happiness escape him Symbolism is also used throughout the book For example Wharton uses the pickle dish and the cat as symbols to achieve deeper meaning During Ethan and Matties meal the cat breaks Zeenas pickle dish and then sits itself in Zeenas rocking chair The broken pickle dish is used to represent Zeenas fractured relationship with Ethan The cat symbolizes Zeenas invisible presence in the house The cat tries to get their attention as it jumps out Zeenas chair making it rock Even Ethan notices the connection For example in the novel he thinks Shell be rocking in it herself this time to-morrow Throughout the entire book there is an understanding that Ethan Frome is going through There is only one question in his mind whether to leave the Frome house and fulfill his dreams or stay to take over the family business and take care of Zeena Ethan is one lonely man to whom we
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