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A Marxist View on Government and Religion of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia When it comes to history there are several different ways to look back at the past The ideas and beliefs of Karl Marx can provide a good comparative aspect on the past Marxism is the belief developed by Marx that takes away classes and puts all the people on the same level Everything is equal When looking back at the government and religion of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia a Marxist would realize that these two civilizations are not suitable for Marxism Marxism is a political aspect that takes away the centralized power of governments and takes away class structure A Marxist society will eventually turn into a communist society There are three main ideas that go along with Marxism They are the idea of materialism a public ownership of property and the idea that history progresses only through a series of conflicts The conflict that Marx mentions is one between the proletarian class working class and the bourgeoisie upper class The proletarians would rise up and overthrow the bourgeoisie In a perfect Marxist society there would also be no oppression slavery or even a single leader Everyone would be equal without prejudice with all the same rights and abilities The government of ancient Egypt would not fit into a Marxist society There are a few reasons for this To start off there is a centralized government The king who is called a pharaoh has power over the whole state He kept a close eye on everything from taxes to controlling public works to having total control of the land The pharaoh kept the peasants busy and he taxed them heavily The pharaoh also appointed regional governors to help control the state They like the pharaoh had a great deal of wealth and power Everything was watched and controlled by the pharaoh The regional governors governed anything he could not look over For
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