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1 Technology Requirements of a Smart Card What is a Smart Card Before I outline the technology requirements of the project I think it is helpful to define what exactly a smart card is The actual term smart card comes from France It was during a period of national investment and modernisation in France during the 1970s which led to the development of the Carte a Memoire This was later renamed by the governments marketing department equivalent the Intelimatique as the smart card Although sometimes referred to as a chip card or an integrated circuit card for purposes of this report I will refer to the device as a smart card Smart Card Forum 1996 The card itself tends to be similar in size to todays plastic payment card except it has an actual silicon computer chip embedded in it A small gold or silver contact connected to the chip inside the card is usually visible on the surface This allows it to be programmed with a much more sophisticated range of information than say magnetic strip cards which can only hold basic numerical data such as an account number Smart Card Forum 1996 Types of Smart Card There are also different types of smart cards as outlined by the Estonian Institute of Cybernetics 1995 i An intelligent smart card contains a central processing unit - a CPU- that actually has the ability not only to store and secure information but to make decisions as required Because intelligent cards offer a readwrite capability new information can be added and processed Different types of applications can be supported and will allow for new applications to be added to it It will also maintain security firewalls between them This type of card for example has already been adopted by 60000 staff and students
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