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Abortion and Ethics Many people believe abortion is a moral issue but it is also a constitutional issue It is a womans right to choose what she does with her body and it should not be altered or influenced by anyone else This right is guaranteed by the ninth amendment which contains the right to privacy The ninth amendment states The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people This right guarantees the right to women if they so choose to have an abortion up to the end of the first trimester Regardless of the fact of morals a woman has the right to privacy and choice to abort her fetus The people that hold a pro-life view argue that a woman who has an abortion is killing a child The pro-choice perspective holds this is not the case A fetus is not yet a baby It does not posess the criteria derived from our understanding of living human beings In a notable defense of this position philosopher Mary Anne Warren has proposed the following criteria for person-hood 1 consciousness of objects and events external and or internal to the being and in particular the capacity to feel pain 2 reasoning the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems 3 self-motivated activity activity which is relatively independent of either genetic or direct external control 4 the capacity to communicate by whatever means messages of an indefinite variety of possible contents but on indefinitely many possible topics 5 The presence of self-concepts and self-awareness either individual or social or both Several cases have been fought for the right to choose Many of these have been hard cases with very personal feelings but the perseverance showed through and gives us the rights we have today Here are some important cases 1965 - Griswold v Connecticut - upheld the right to privacy and ended
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