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Among the leading painters of post-World War II Abstract Expressionist movement Franz Kline developed his own highly personal form of art based more on spontaneous expression in abstract design of the artists psychic states1 Abstract expressionism saw representation as the exact opposite of their main aim in painting Formal issues such as color lines and shapes without recognizable representation is what Kline like many other abstract expressionists strove to portray in their paintings They were individuals that were foraging their own way into the art world Mainly an artist of impact Klines work was forceful and boldly dramatic which characterized his aggressiveness and raw energy Best known for his robust black-and-white abstractions his zealous brushwork seemed to manifest the energy and gestures produced in the act of painting In this paper I will argue how Klines unique form also referred to as action painting was affected by his background and other artists how his work was not influenced or represented Chinese calligraphy and why he should be set aside from other artists The Pennsylvania native originally was a representational painter that used a style mixed of Cubism and Social Realism He attempted to capture the energy of city life while going to school at Boston University and Heatherlys School of Art in London before settling in New York Up until the 1940s Kline painted urban scenes and figures in a conventional realist style A couple years after moving to New York he sparked an interest in abstraction and reduced the elements of his old style However the turning point of his career came once he enlarged some black-and-white drawings through a projector and recognized the expressive power to which his style possessed in large scale and thus decided to abandon representation all together Although his emphasis on black-and-white painting Kline worked in color throughout his career first in his figurative work of the 1930s and 40s and later in his mature abstract-expressionist
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