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Word Count: 887
There have been many artistic achievements that have had a substantial role in shaping outlooks and tastes for cultures and generations for 1000s of years Of all the different kinds of productions the Greeks have established the tragedy is the most extraordinary of their spiritual contributions Everything from style intellect appearance of stage costume and people have all been the main influences of drama and theatre over the past twenty-five hundred years The earliest of Greek theatres dates back to not long before 300 BC The theatre itself was a large open-air structure consisting of three parts Its original and central element was a level circle some ninety feet in diameter called the orchestra which means dancing place where the chorus performed Outside one arc of the circle was a low rectangular building called skene or tent the actors usually made there entrances and exits through and in it they changed their costumes and masks eventually its front was decorated with simple paintings- whence the word scenery Rising from the circle of the orchestra was an auditorium of many tiers of stone seats in sections divided by transverse passages Greek Drama 11The audience area was rocky and irregular and not much is known about how much seating was constructed the surviving stone dates from not long before 300BC An audience number of 14000 has become canonical but it might have been possible to cram something more like 20000 There is some evidence of actors putting up temporary wooden stages A few permanent theatres outside attica go back to the 5th century most notably Syracuse and Corinth and during the next century more and more cities built one Taplin 18In Greek theatre it was well known for their style in costuming There costumes were splendid they would wear role-markers such as sceptres garlands oriental trousers or mourning black the standard outfit for there the main characters was elaborately ornamented During the performances actors would wear
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