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Chemical Name Benzoyl Peroxide C14H10O4 Benzoyl peroxide is the main compound found in several different pharmaceuticals for treating acne food additives as polymers and catalysts in several different reactions Other common names for this compound are Oxy-10 Panoxyl Benzagel 10 Benzoic acid Lucidol and several others The melting point for this compound is 1040-1060 C At this temperature the compound will become very explosive therefore forming no distinct boiling point Benzoyl peroxide has a density of 1334 and a molecular weight of 24223g It is slightly soluble in water 01G100mL at 260 C and is highly reactive when in contact with other compounds The structure of Benzoyl peroxide is fairly simple containing two-phenyl groups two double-bonded oxygen and two single-bonded oxygens The phenyl groups have bond angles of 1090 creating sp3 orbitals the double bonded oxygens would have bond angles of 1200 creating sp2 orbitals and the single-bonded Oxygens have bond angles of 1040 creating sp3 orbitals Because this compound can create a mirror image of its self when folded over I believe it to be non-polar The physical properties of Benzoyl peroxide are that it is a colorless odorless solid which may be in the form of white granules crystals or powder This compound has several different functions such as it is an oxidizer used to bleach edible oils flour and bread is used as a catalyst for radical reactions and as an initiator for addition and substitution reactions in organic synthesis The most common use of Benzoyl peroxide is in topical solutions for treating acne It is available without a prescription in several different concentrations and it can be used for any degree or severity of acne It works by removing the top layer of skin and unblocking the sebaceous glands It also reduces inflammation of blocked hair follicles by killing bacteria that infect them Once it has been absorbed into the skin it is metabolized into benzoic acid and then is excreted
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