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Brown v Board of Education of Topeka Kansas decided on May 17 1954 was one of the most important cases in the history of the US Supreme Court Linda Brown had been denied admission to an elementary school in Topeka because she was black Brought together under the Brown designation were companion cases from South Carolina Virginia and Delaware all of which involved the same basic question Does the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment prohibit racial segregation in the public schoolsIt was not until the late 1940s that the Court began to insist on equality of treatment but it did not squarely face the constitutionality of the separate but equal doctrine until it decided the Brown case In a brief unanimous opinion delivered by Chief Justice Earl Warren the Court declared that separate education facilities are inherently unequal and that racial segregation violates the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment In a moving passage the chief justice argued that separating children in the schools solely on racial grounds generates a felling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely to be undone Although the decision did not bring about total integration of blacks in the schools it resulted in efforts by many school systems to remove the imbalance by busing students The Courts decision had far reaching effects influencing civil rights legislation and the civil rights movement of the 1960sBrown v Board of Education was a landmark case in the history of American education There were several events and issues which led up to this critical event From the 1892 Plessy v Ferguson Supreme Court Case the precedent of separate but equal was set This doctrine effected the school system in that there were separate schools for white and black children These schools were constitutional as long as they were equal In the 1900s with industrialism in the forefront
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