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Calluses callus noun 1 a thickening of or a hard thickened area on skin 2 a mass of exudate and connective tissue that forms around a break in a bone and is converted into bone in the healing of the break When we walk or stand our body weight is carried first on the heel and then on the ball of the foot where the skin is thicker to withstand the pressure When this pressure becomes excessive some areas of the skin thicken in the form of corns and callus as a protective response A callus or callosity is an extended area of thickened skin on the soles of the feet and occurs on areas of pressure It is the bodys reaction to pressure or friction and can appear anywhere the skin rubs against a bone a shoe or the ground Walking on stones Most calluses are symptoms of an underlying problem like a bony deformity a particular style of walking or inappropriate footwear Some people have a natural tendency to form callus because of their skin type Elderly people have less fatty tissue in their skin and this can lead to callus forming on the ball of the foot WHAT TO DO You can control a small amount of hard skin by gently rubbing with a pumice stone or chiropody sponge occasionally when you are in the bath Use a moisturising cream daily If this does not appear to be working seek advice from a chiropodistpodiatrist or pharmacist If the callus is painful and feels as if you are walking on stones consult a state registered chiropodist who will be able to advise you why this has occurred and where possible how to prevent it happening again Your chiropodist can also remove hard skin relieve pain and redistribute pressure with soft padding strapping or corrective appliances which fit easily into your shoes
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