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Word Count: 634
Candide on the surface is a witty gelastic story However when inspected deeper it is a philippic writing against people of an uneducated status Candid is an archetype of these idiocracies for he lacks reason and has optimism that is truely irking believing that this is the best of all possible worlds Thus Voltaire uses a witty bantering tale on the surface but in depth a cruel bombast against the ignoramuses of his timesCandide has reason only in the form of a companion upon which he relies for advice His companion is of course Dr Pangloss He consistently dribbles to Dr Pangloss about what should be done At last to the happiness of readers Pangloss is killed by being hanged But this means that Candides reason is also dead No problem he just goes finds a new companion Lacking him Pangloss lets consult the old woman 37 He soon loses her gains another looses him and then gains another Thus we see that Candide can only think if he has a companion Voltaire is thus saying that all the nobles are really idiots and says they are only smart because they have philosophers This is typically Enlightenment because nobles are stupid and must have philosophers to make them Enlightened For example LHospitals a French Noble had in his possession mathematicians that developed new ways of taking limits a Calculus idea Yet in todays society we call this way LHospitals Rule not Bernoullis rule who is the one who invented it Stewart 310Candide is consistently being brainwashed by reason Pangloss saying that we live in the best of Yet it quite obviously that he does not For how can there be in the best of all worlds war slavery and many more abominations Half-way through the book it would appear that Candide has given up his optimism when he looked at the Negro slave Oh Pangloss Ill have to give up your optimism at last 73
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