scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,215
By 1921 capitalist were experiencing major problems Costs had risen and the price of gold had come down This was due to the social economic and political conditions in the country industrial unrest and severe disturbances in the mining industry Mines had been closed at several periods during the Anglo-Boer War which lasted from 1899 until 1902 In the mining industry a colour bar had developed - only whites could perform supervisory or skilled jobs After the Anglo-Boer war many unskilled white men that returned from the war unemployed Later on the gold price plunged and it was predicted that gold mines would run at a loss unless costs were radically cut Mine -owners decided to replace the white workers with black workers at reduced wages These black workers had acquired the skills and knowledge necessary to take on more skilled jobs Almost 10 000 white mineworkers would have to be discharged The colour bar was to be removed and the proportion of black mineworkers was to be increased This decision pressurized the white mineworkers Their security and protection was threatened The period that followed this was characterised by unrest in the mining industry Smuts government tried but failed to mediate the conflict and white mineworkers decided to strike By striking they hoped to pressurise mine-owners and the government into withdrawing their policy The strike soon spread to other mines and by January 10 1922 all mining work and related trades had been put on hold On March 6 a general strike was proclaimed Before long this broke out into a revolt led by semi-skilled Afrikaner miners who fought to capture Johannesburg The Prime Minister Jan Smuts proclaimed martial law He was widely held responsible for letting the situation get out of hand But the revolt was finally declared over on 18 March Many strikers were executed These include Taffy Long who was executed for killing a shopkeeper and the Hanekom brothers who were
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA