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Chemistry has been called the science of what things are Its intent is the exploration of the nature of the materials that fabricate our physical environment why they hold the different properties that depict them how their atomic structure may be fathomed and how they may be manipulated and changed Although organic reactions have been conducted by man since the discovery of fire the science of Organic chemistry did not develop until the turn of the eighteenth century mainly in France at first then in Germany later on in England By far the largest variety of materials that bombard us are made up of organic elements The beginning of the Ninetieth century was also the dawn of chemistry all organic substances were understood as all being materials produced by living organisms wood bone cloth food medicines and the complex substances that configure the human body Inorganic material was believed to come from the Earth salt metals and rock just to name a few Because of the humans wonder of natural life organic materials were believed to possess an enigmatic Vital Force Thus organic chemistry was separated from inorganic chemistry and it became its own field of science By the turn of the Nineteenth the Vital Force theory was immensely discredited but this branch of science still stayed separated from inorganic chemistry Back when Organic chemistry was the chemistry of living matter Professor Wohler succeeded in synthesizing in the laboratory an organic compound previously observed in living tissue as Urea Professor Wohler made this organic compound from non-living chemical substance Ammonium Cyanate He evaporated a solution of Ammonium Cyanate to produce Urea Thus rendering the Vital Force theory to be with flaws Other famous experiments proved the vitalism theory was wrong In 1845 Kolbe synthesized acetic acid the chief component in vinegar in a flow of reactions starting with Carbon the experiment is demonstrated better defined since acetic acid C6H4O2 is a carbon-carbon bond The
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