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Word Count: 533
Child-rearing was an evolving practice within the English upper class from the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries A new adult view of children as mature fragile and inherently good led to changes in the nursing care and discipline of English aristocratic children In the 16th century much in accordance with the Puritan doctrine children were seen as naturally evil beings Doc 1 Proper and pious parents were responsible for instilling virtues and morals into their organically pagan children However the Stuart-run religious beliefs of the 17th century and the Anglican Church brought about a new and differing view of children Offspring were effectively blank-slates and left to their own devices happy and benevolent Doc 2 3 The new society placed more blame on nurture rather that nature and these views led to drastic changes in how children were reared In the 1500s and early 1600s aristocratic mothers often hired after giving birth a wet nurse a woman whose job it was to breast-feed the infant Women craved separation from ungodly children and felt the duty of breastfeeding was disgraceful However many mothers now saw the hiring of wet nurses morally reprehensible Doc 5 In the late 17th and 18th centuries parents now craved a closeness and bond with their children often enhanced by breastfeeding Doc 6 7 Children and infants had garnered a better reputation an parents now sought close and loving relationships with them Doc 4 Furthermore scientific changes brought a new adult view of child-rearing Doctors now sought to care for an infant with a more tender and loving touch and sought less to control it In the 1500s mothers often constricted the motion of their newborn by swaddling it tightly Doc 8 New medical developments attributed fractures to this practice and by the 1700s it was long since obsolete Doc 9 Also the mental health of children was also taken into more account Verbal abuse was looked down upon by
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