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The civil rights movement started in the end of the 1950s and through various protests broke the pattern of racially segregated public facilities in the South and achieved the most important breakthrough in equal-rights legislation for blacks since the Reconstruction period 1865-77 The Struggle for Black Equality by Harvard Sitkoff offered an extremely detailed overview of the movement and went through every phase of the struggle The book made it clear that the black struggle has been worse than the media has ever admitted Many different people and organizations were involved in the movement Some of the most known people were Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X although all of the people that took part in the movement are important Several organizations that participated in the black struggle include the Black Panthers the CORE as well as SNCC and SCLC Even though all these organizations worked to achieve the same goal they did not always agree on the tactics that should be used In the beginning of the movement - non-violent tactics were the most popular however after seeing very little results from non-violent protests some people felt that violence would be a more effective method Martin Luther King Jr was an eloquent black Baptist minister who led the civil rights movement from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968 King believed in the non-violent approach and constructed his strategies based on Gandhis insights King felt that passive acceptance of evil could only perpetuate its existence 43 however he believed that the best way to reach their goals would be persistent non-violence On Dec 1 1955 a black woman named Rosa Park had refused to surrender her bus seat to a white passenger and as a consequence had been arrested for violating the citys segregation law Under the leadership of King a boycott of the transit system began which lasted one year and a few
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