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The second symphony written by composer Jean Sibelius 1865-1957 is one of the best examples in classical music of advanced compositional techniques such as melodic variation tonal transitions imitation and suspension Written in basic four-movement form Allegretto Tempo Andantema rubato Vivacissimo and Finale Symphony 2 provides the listener with a fluidity of motion which constantly engages the ear The first movement in Sibelius Symphony 2 is written in the key of D major uses A-B-A form sets the tonal foundation for the rest of the symphony by incorporating sub-dominant and dominant chord progressions and demonstrates ingenious suspension and transition techniquesThe most noticeable and repeated element of Allegretto is the dominant and sub-dominant chord progression of I tonic IV sub-dominant V dominant First used by all strings in the opening measures of the movement this progression is continually being played by the low strings Cellos and Basses Sibelius writes this movement in A-B-A form so of course each section of this movement has certain characteristics The first section of the movement A opens with the strings playing an expressive style known as Colle while stating I IV V I The oboe plays the melodic material throughout this section with the flute playing a legato accompaniment line Also characteristic of section A is the use of 4s to carry the melodic line horns oboe flute and clarinet The transition from section A to section B and the transition from Major to Minor is made by the clarinet In section B the melodic line is at first carried by the flute with the oboe andor clarinet then the strings take over until a dramatic pause at measure After the 2 beats of rest the strings come back once again with a dominant chord V The melody is then tossed around between the woodwinds and strings until after a brief cut-time section the strings first state the pitsicato ascending chromatic pattern which is used
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