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The color wheel taught to most people today is the twelve-hue color circle developed by the Swiss color scientist Johannes Itten This color wheel is based on three mixtures of pigments or a triad mixture with red yellow and blue as the primary triad All hues are formed from mixtures of equal or unequal amounts of primaries Equal mixtures of two primaries result in the secondary hues and form the triad of green orange and violet In this color wheel six intermediate hues are created by equal mixtures of primary and secondary colors and form two more triads When mixing pigments color mixture is described as subtractive When white light or sunlight hits a surface most of the light energy is absorbed We perceive only the color that is reflected from the surface In this situation the part of the spectrum that is absorbed is subtracted from white lightIn theory equal mixtures of subtractive primaries should result in black however when mixing red blue and yellow primaries together the resulting mixture is more likely to be gray brown or greenish The Itten color wheel works well as a chart but is flawed as a practical guide for the actual mixtures of pigments The primaries used in this color wheel are somewhat inaccurate Moreover pigments in paint vary greatly in opacity and undertones and it is difficult to create pure secondary and tertiary hues from primary mixturesIn demonstrating why people are more inclined to favor some combinations rather than others Itten explored both subjective reasons including those related to ancient and modern works of art and objective reasons- measurable color relationships He started with the concept of a color circle in which the familiar colors of the rainbow are stretched into a wheel that encompasses red orange yellow green blue and purple sections Although earlier color scientists had explored color circles Itten was the first to realize the harmony inherent in color pairs according to their
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