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Ontology One of the most controversial debates in philosophy has been over the nature of being In the Pre-Socratic era the dispute focused on whether change was constant while our human perceptions made static separations so that we could make sense of our environment or if being exists omnipresently and that our perceptions of diversity in matter are false Plato tries to solve this dilemma with his theory of an objective reality in a realm different from that which we experience Aristotle agrees with Socrates except that he believes an objects true essence cannot exist separated from the object itself I presume that we can exist with our own identity and inhere to a greater whole simultaneously however my rationalism does not extend beyond people Nonetheless these philosophers all had valid conclusions and their theories compliment each other War is king1 said Heraclitus He believes that reality is not composed of a number of things but is a process of continual creation and destruction An accurate metaphor for his rationale is a river Its location remains basically the same One can walk away from it and return with the confidence that it will still be there However the exact water that flows through it is never the same One cant tell the difference between the water in the river now and the water in the river earlier and yet this transience of matter does not detract from the identity of the river Heraclitus would say that all of what we experience is like the river forever changing in a process of erosion and creation Heraclitus successor Parmenides believes that Being must exist virtually in the mind Because nothing cannot be thought without thinking of it as something there cannot be nothing2 all that can exist is Being If there is only Being it must be indestructible uncreated and eternal If one agrees that Being is then there cant be any place where being is
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