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There is said to be no greater figure who has summed up the Enlightenment age than the French philisophe Francois Marie Arout who worked under the pen name Voltaire Voltaire was not only a philisophe of the Enlightenment but was a playwright historian poet and writer as well During his career which lasted about 60 years in 18th century his writings consisted of essays poems satires and philosophical tales all of which carried the same theme of Ecrasez lintame or crush infamy This theme attacked all forms of intolerance and dogmatism in religious political social moral and artistic aspects of life during the Enlightenment age Hurt 289 One satire novel which defined Voltaire and some of his beliefs was Candide which was a tale that not only attacked the Leibniz philosophy of optimism but also described the political and social moods of the 18th century when the novel was written Candide or The Optimist is attacking the Leibniz philosophy of optimism and therefore the subject of the satire is the problem of how one should live their life having to face the evil of the world Although Voltaire did not reject all of the Leibniz philosophy and was known to compliment editors of Leibnizs works it is clear that in this novel Voltaire is satirizing the optimist idea of the best of all possible worlds was the world in which the greatest number of possibilities is realized Ayer 140 Voltaire opens Candide by stating Panglosss philosophy of optimism that there is no effect without a cause and that is the best of all possible worlds according to him Westphalia Voltaire 293 Unfortunately Candide was exiled from Westphalia with the teachings of Pangloss and he then traveled to a neighboring town where he met two generous Bulgarian soldiers who seemed to exemplify Panglosss teachings Come then Sir sit down along with
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