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Data Protection Act DPA The Data Protection Act was passed in 1984 to stop the misuse of personal data held on computers When something is placed on computers there are ways for other people to gain that information and use it in the wrong way The DPA set some guidelines that they use to protect the individual from having their files read by other people The first way that the DPA would protect an individual is the organization holding personal information on their employees would have to notify the DPA and they would ask the company two questions The first question that would be asked is what type of information they are going to store that is the first question The second question would be exactly what they are going to use the data for That is the second question and then the DPA would decide if that was ok or not The second guideline that the DPA sets is as follows the data held must have been obtained legally and may be held and used only for the stated purpose This is very important because some companies might try and get illegal information on a certain person so then they can sue them for damage to their company The third guideline that would be followed is the data must be accurate and be kept up to date No data other than the items stated may be stored and must be discarded when finished with This is because if there is any information used that the person doesnt want stored then the company or organization cant When the organization is done using the information they have to get rid of it so know one else can get it and use it The forth guideline that has to be followed is the data must be protected from any unauthorized access and it
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