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Plato The Last Days of Socrates London Penguin Books Ltd 1993 Imagine the time just after the death of Socrates The people of Athens were filled with questions about the final judgment of this well-known long-time citizen of Athens Socrates was accused at the end of his life of impiety and corruption of youth Rumors prejudices and questions flew about the town Plato experienced this situation when Socrates his teacher and friend accepted the ruling of death from an Athenian court In The Last Days of Socrates Plato uses Socrates own voice to explain the reasons that Socrates though innocent in Platos view was convicted and why Socrates did not escape his punishment as offered by the court The writings Euthyphro The Apology Crito and Pheado not only helped the general population of Athens and the friends and followers of Socrates understand his death but also showed Socrates in the best possible light They are connected by their common theme of a memoriam to Socrates and the discussion of virtues By studying these texts researchers can see into the culture of Athens but most important are the discussions about relationships in the book The relationships between the religion and state and individual and society have impacted the past and are still concerns that are with us today While Plato is writing to prove Socrates a good or respectable person he allows the modern reader a glimpse into Athenian culture We see that religion is held in very high regard and failing to serve a religion is punishable by death no matter what ones social or political stature In Euthyphro the reader learns that sometimes an Interpreter is consulted when dealing with certain criminal behavior Also we realize that the Athenians regard a son accusing a father of a crime no matter what the charge as very odd and of great annoyance to the family I believe this is still true today Family loyalty
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