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Douglas McGregors Theory X Theory YDouglas McGregor 1906-1964 was an industrial management professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the 1960s He was also at one time the president of Antioch College in Ohio McGregor believed that the management thinking concepts that were being used at the time were put into place long ago to meet the needs of a more feudal society In his time Douglas McGregor felt that the world was changing and that it was time for new thinking His ideas about managerial behavior had a great effect on management thinking and practice Some of McGregors ideas were strongly influenced in part by Abraham Maslows need satisfaction model of motivation His hierarchy of needs is based on the idea that motivation comes from need Needs provide the driving force motivating behavior and general orientation Maslows ideas suggested that worker disaffection with work was due-not to something intrinsic to workers but due to poor job design managerial behavior and too few opportunities for job satisfaction wwwnewgrange Maslows hierarchy of needs showed the basic needs to be physiological needs basic survival needs including food water and shelter and then up the ladder were safety needs including the need for peace and security at work and at home social needs including the need to feel loved accepted and as part of a group esteem needs including the need for status self-confidence and respect and finally self-actualization needs including the need to develop your full potential achieve and be all you can be at the top These ideas greatly influenced McGregors thinking In fact it is said that Abraham Maslow and Douglas McGregor were two of the best known contributors to the human resources perspective The human resources perspective was a management perspective that suggested that jobs should be designed to meet higher level needs by allowing workers the ability to utilize their full potential McGregor observed that managers had two different
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