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Drug testing in the United States began with the explosive use of illegal drugs in order to curb drug abuse This began during the Vietnam War with drug use at a climax In general Drug testing is a way to detect illegal drug use and deter it usually by Urinalysis Drug testing in the United States violates a citizens right to unreasonable search and seizures along with jeopardizing ones freedom Drug testing is not only an unreliable invasion of a persons privacy but it assumes that one is guilty before submitting to the test Drug testing began to take place in the mid 1960s when drugs like Marijuana hallucinogens and other drugs were becoming widespread Stencel pp201 The military implemented mandatory drug testing because of the widespread use and the number of Vets that were returning home because of addiction Ronald Reagan pushed for employers to implement drug testing and even had himself screened for illegal drugs to encourage employers and to reduce opposition to testing Stencel pp 200 The increased concern about drug abuse has in part ben the result of the early 1986 appearance on the streets of crack-a new powerfully addictive form of cocaine-and the growth of cocaine addiction Berger 12 President Reagan later called for a second war on drugs campaign In October of 1986 President Reagan signed into law a 17 billion dollar antidrug bill called the Drug-Free Workplace Order In addition to the bill Reagan instructed his cabinet officers to create a plan to begin drug testing for federal civil employees Berger 14 Drug testing thus begun a sharp climb into the area of private employers In November of 1988 Congress passed an Act requiring grant recipients or federal contractors to maintain drug-free workplaces Most of the employers set up voluntary testing programs and many employees began to sue claiming that individual testing is a violation of privacy rights The argument is that the employees are being deprived
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