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An ethical issue that is debated in our society is the concern of driving while intoxicated Although this was naturally not the case during Aristotles time many of his ethical beliefs can be applied to refute this dilemma I will prove the standing issue to be unethical through Aristotles discussion of virtue and his concept of voluntaryinvoluntary actions in the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle believed that of the virtues learned in our youth each has a respective excess and deficiency The virtue is the mean or midpoint of the excess and deficiency The mean can be thought of as just right and the extremities can be labeled as vices The mean should not be thought of as the geometric middle of the two vices- it varies between the vices depending on the person Aristotle believed that the mean and the vices are within our control and of the two extremes vices we should choose the less erroneous It is not always easy to choose the less erroneous of the two For example Bill decides he wants to drink this Friday night but he has to drive himself home His choice of how much to drink lies between two vices sobriety and drunkenness Although neither may be his intention for the evening it is obvious that the less erroneous of the two is sobriety So much then makes it plain that the intermediate state is in all things to be praised but that we must incline sometimes towards the excess sometimes towards the deficiency for so shall we most easily hit the mean and what is right Aristotle 387 Aristotle defines virtue also known as excellence of humankind as living in accordance with reason in the best kind of way Simply put doing what is characteristic of a thing to do He argues that our reasoning which is the foundation for our virtues derives from habit and not from nature Neither by nature then nor
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