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Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer known as a poet and critic but most famous as the master of the short-story form Edgar Allan Poe especially tales of the mysterious and macabre Edgar Allan Poe The literary merits of Poes writings have been debated since his death but his works have remained popular and many major American and European writers have professed their artistic debt to him Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19 1809 in Boston Massachusetts Poe was the son of poverty stricken Edgar Allan Poe actors David and Elizabeth Poe After his mother died in Richmond Va in 1811 Poe was orphaned At an early age he was taken in a raised by John Allan a successful Edgar Allan Poe business man of Richmond Va Taken by the Allan family at the age of six Poe was placed into a private school in Scotland England in 1815 Upon returning to the United States in 1820 he continued to study in private schools He attended the University of Virginia for a year but in 1827 his foster father displeased by the young mans drinking and gambling Untermeyer 555 refused to pay his debts and forced him to return to Richmond to find his sweetheart Sarah Elmira Royster Woodberry 24 and work as a clerk Poe disliking his new duties he quit his job and went to Boston There his first book Tamerlane and Other Poems a pamphlet of youthful Byronic poems Woodberry 39 was published in 1827 Shortly afterward poverty forced Poe to join the US Army under the name of Edgar A Perry and he served a two year term In 1829 when Poes foster mother died John Allan purchased his release from the Army and he helped Poe in getting him an appointment to the US Military Academy at West Point Woodberry 47 Before going Poe published a second volume at Baltimore
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