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In this paper I will describe the Religious Freedom Restoration Act This Act was used to contradict the decision of the court case of Employment Division v Smith which allowed the government to forbid any religious act without giving a reason The RFRA brought back the requirement that the government provide an adequate reason to forbid any religious act The government once again had to show that the act was of compelling interest against the state In 1993 one of the most important acts that has gone thorough Congress was passed Religious Freedom Map of the RFRA This was the Religious Freedom Restoration Act RFRA of 1993 Religious Freedom Map of the RFRA This act was passed to answer the 1990 court case Employment Division v Smith Questions and Answers Map of the RFRA Employment Division v Smith was a court case in which the issue was whether Sacramental use of peyote by members of the Native American Church was protected under the free exercise clause of the First Amendment which provides that Congress shall make no lawprohibiting the free exercise of religionQuestions and Answers Map of the RFRA According to Justice Scalia if prohibiting the exercise of religion was merely the incidental effect of a generally applicable and otherwise valid provision the First Amendment was not offended Questions and Answers Map of the RFRA Thus the government no longer had to justify most burdens on religious exercise The free exercise clause offered protection only if a particular religious practice was singled out for discriminatory treatment In short free exercise was a sub category of equal protection This placed religious rights in an inferior position to other First Amendment rights such as freedom of speech and press Questions and Answers Map of the RFRA This court case caused a series of court cases about religious freedoms Religious Freedom Map of the RFRA Congress enacted the RFRA to contradict the negative affect
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