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Word Count: 1,078
Enlightenment is the process of enlightening a state introducing new ideas and knowledge and questioning the past The Enlightenment in seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe was about becoming and being recognized as an individual gathering testing and investing information for yourself as opposed to taking it as it is Apart of the Enlightenment is the idea of free will the capacity to act without constraints Voltaire strongly illustrates the lack of free will in his novella Candide a ludicrous and satirical depiction of the state of France during the seventeenth and eighteenth century The author accentuates the lack of desire to exercise their free will also Every character in the novella experiences immense hardship and continually put themselves in predicaments that allow this type of torture to continue without any reservations however the main character and protagonist Candide allows coercion and other people dictate every one of his actions more so than any other character Voltaire uses the characters in this novella especially Candide to exemplify the way the people of Europe reacted to the Enlightenment Candide is infatuated with the philosopher Pangloss Candide follows Pangloss word as if he is God himself Pangloss is not a follower of free will he believes that everything happens for a reason and that everything that is is meant to be he says that things could not be other than they are for everything has been made to serve a purpose and so nothing is susceptible to improvement 2 Pangloss explains that you should take things for as they are and there is no point in questioning it because it is automatically right if it exists this is the complete opposite of free will and exactly what the Enlightenment was trying to get rid of He never questions Pangloss teachings in fact in most if not all situations he questions how Pangloss would react and takes that approach Candide says after realizing he and Martin are about to
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