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Word Count: 396
Euthanasia is a controversial subject not only because there are many different moral dilemmas associated with it but also in what constitutes its definition At the extreme ends of disagreement advocates say euthanasia which in Greek means easy death is a good or merciful death Opponents of euthanasia say it is a fancy word for murderBetween the two extremes there are various positions for and against euthanasia One position opposes cases of active euthanasia where an active or overt effort is made to bring about death such as in administering a lethal injection but accept passive euthanasia which is generally described as declining to initiate extraordinary or even ordinary medical treatment as moralAnother position advocates that passive euthanasia is acceptable when the person to die has consented Other positions include situations where a terminally ill patient is unable to consent as justifiable because it resolves a hopeless situation Conversely even with this gradation some opponents to euthanasia believe that voluntary passive euthanasia is the same as suicide involuntary euthanasia is considered to be murderBecause euthanasia poses classic dilemmas as to its morality it is not surprising that many issues arise in the legal and medical arenas In law the resolution of a particular case cannot always be applied to resolve another In the medical realm interpretation of medical doctrine concerning treatment of terminally-ill patients can result in entirely different applicationsIn two relatively recent cases the Supreme Court had to decide the future of patients that were considered to be in chronically persistent vegetative states The courts had to decide whether to continue with the prevailing treatment as advocated by the medical community or discontinue treatment at the request of the patients guardians The courts considered several factors in making a determination What are the states interests in terms of human life When does the patients right to refuse treatment override the states interest What does the right to refuse treatment entail and is it included
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