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EXISTENTIALISM IN FILM I could not say where or how existentialist themes first emerged in film Often times critics will point to the work of Ingmar Bergman and Federico Fellini as early examples Indeed these two men are titans in their art and they will be discussed in this essay However it occurs to me that a certain genre of film being made in America during the late forties and early fifties perhaps deserves credit for treating very early if not for the first time subject matter and themes that might rightly be called existential while perhaps not directly inspired by formal existentialist thought These films were shot in rich black and white draped in shadows spliced by neon light bleeding intermittently through Venetian blinds peopled by hard-boiled characters whose speech was tough and witty who were hard drinkers and fast livers They smoldered with a barely sublimated intense sexual tension The French critics of the day were the first to hail the new style which they called film noir Before I proceed let me be quite clear as to how film noir might qualify as a genre worthy of our consideration in connection with existentialist film As I said I do not necessarily assert that the film noir genre is a direct result of the popularity of existentialist philosophy in America Film noir does however represent some of the first serious confrontation with truly dark subject matter much of which was provoked more by film makers insight into the contemporary American scene than by their third reading of Being and Nothingness Film noir does not treat existentialism per se but it does concern itself with the dark the absurd and disturbing the amoral and the severe in short it handles material that has come to be thought of as existential The true film noir of the late forties and fifties were radical innovations They were nothing like anything that had come before
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