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Hellenistic Epicureanism One of the fundamental beliefs of Epicurus is that death is something that is not to be worried about This along with three other main beliefs is the key to finding individual happiness according to Epicurus Epicurus believes that death is merely the end of existence It is nothing to be concerned about because it is simply the end of sensory experiences Once dead a person is no longer aware of his surroundings and he possesses an absence of life It is based on this idea that Epicurus explores the idea that death is in fact nothing In The Letter to Menoeceus Epicurus explains The fact that death is nothing to us makes the mortality of life a matter for contentment not by adding a limitless time to life but by removing the longing for immortality So death the most frightening of bad things is nothing to us since when we exist death is not yet present and when death is present then we do not exist Therefore it is relevant neither to the living nor the dead since it does not affect the former and the latter do not exist Epicurus argues that death should be put out of mind for the simple fact that it does not exist during life A person cannot be in a state of death at the same time as being alive so there is no reason to concern oneself with matters of death In the letter Epicurus also discusses his thoughts on the morality issue concerning death According to Epicurus one cannot exist in a state of death Epicurus describes death as the termination of all sensory experience and being dead is merely not having the ability to feel and sense ones surroundings Epicurus also states that while living the distinction between what is good and what is bad is all a matter of sensory experience Therefore it can be summarized that
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