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In 1979 a young graduate student in cognitive-development psychology Howard Gardner and a group of colleagues received a grant from the Bernard Van Leer Foundation The money was intended to produce a scholarly synthesis of what had been established in the biological social and cultural sciences about the nature and realization of human potential Gardner 1999 p32 Four years later Gardner published his discoveries including his infamous Theory of Multiple Intelligences in the 1983 book Frames of Mind Gardner 1999 Gardners multiple intelligence theory originally contained seven intelligences and defined an intelligence as the ability to solve problems or to create products that are valued within one or more cultural settings Gardner 1993 Gardner1999 p33 Since that time Gardner has expanded his list to ten following the addition of three more theoretical intelligences Gardner 1999 His theory has revolutionized the methods in which children are taught and spawned new methods of recognizing an individuals cognitive abilities Linguistic or verbal intelligence is identified as the first of the seven intelligences Children with this kind of intelligence enjoy reading writing or other creative tasks such as story telling or crossword puzzles Abernathy 1999 These children will be exceptionally apt at understanding the order and meaning of words persuading others and more easily recognizing and utilizing the humorous aspects of language Edwords 1999 TS Eliot possessed this intelligence as evidenced by his creation of a magazine dubbed Fireside at the age of ten He composed eight complete issues in a three-day period each including poems adventure stories humor and a gossip column Gardner 1993 A compliment to those with verbal intelligence logical-mathematical intelligence includes various abilities such as inductive and deductive reasoning numbers and relationships and patterns Edwords 1999 Children with this gift will exhibit an interest in strategy games patterns and experiments Abernathy 1999 People with this gift also display an
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