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CONTENTS 1 ASSIGNMENT1 2 GERMAN TRANSPORT POLICY SYSTEM1 21 FEDERAL LEVEL RESPONSIBILITIES1 22 FEDERAL STATE LEVEL RESPONSIBILITIES1 23 COMMUNAL LEVEL RESPONSIBILITIES1 3 THE ROLE OF INTEREST AND PRESSURE GROUPS2 31 PRINCIPLES OF INTEREST AND PRESSURE GROUPS2 32 EXAMPLES OF SUCCESSFUL INTERVENTIONS2 4 CASE STUDY 1 THE METRORAPID-PROJECT IN GERMANY3 41 INTRODUCTION3 42 THE INVOLVED PARTIES3 43 SUMMARY3 5 CASE STUDY 2 ROAD PRICING ON GERMAN MOTORWAYS4 51 INTRODUCTION4 52 THE DECISION IN DETAIL4 53 SUMMARY5 6 CONCLUSIONS5 61 SUMMARY5 62 THE DIVISION BETWEEN LOCAL AND CENTRAL RESPONSIBILITIES5 63 DO WE NEED PRESSURE GROUPS5 64 THE GROWING IMPORTANCE OF COURTS IN DECISION-MAKING6 1 Assignment The objective of this term paper is a report on who matters in making decisions on transport projects and policies This paper should examine the role of both individuals and groups involved in the process of arriving at decisions on transport projects and transport policies In this context transport projects are for example new infrastructure projects whereas transport policies refer to the regulation and pricing of transport First the German system of decision making in transport is described Then the influence of pressure groups is examined and some examples of successful pressure group interference are presented Two German case studies examine the decision making process in practice and illustrate the variety of involved parties Finally some major conclusions are drawn reflecting the authors personal opinion 2 German transport policy system 21 Federal level responsibilities In Germany the department for transport is integrated into a large ministry responsible for transport building and housing Therefore the department does not only focus on transport matters but always tries to take into consideration land use problems as well There is a special sub-department responsible for the integration of transport and land use policies Its main objective is the development of long-term policies and principles Another sub-department is concerned with road traffic Building and maintaining of all motorways and federal trunk roads are tasks
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