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Gutenbergs Press and the Transition from Medieval to Modern There are many ideas and concepts that facilitated the transition from the Medieval Era to a more modern Renaissance society but it can be argued that Johann Gutenbergs invention of the printing press was the most important factor to this change in Europe The creation of the press was no easy task for Gutenberg he was faced with many obstacles However once created the press benefited people around the world for centuries and continues to be a fundamental part of our society today Before the invention of the printing press books were extremely expensive limiting education to the very wealthy Because only the upper class could afford to purchase books education was a means of separating the aristocracy from the lower classes It was nearly impossible for the less fortunate to move up in society since they could not educate themselves The reason books were so pricey was due to the methods employed to create each page individually For a scribe to copy an entire novel by hand would take much patience and many hours A common method of producing copies was for one man to read the original word by word and a group of scribes would write each word as the reader said them By this method describes John Fontana in his work Mankinds Greatest Invention one manuscript served as the source of reproduction for many copies when the scribes finished writing the last of the readers orally presented words 13 Not only was this time consuming but the more copies that were made the more errors were made Eventually a method of creating copies without such a high margin of error came about People would hand carve blocks of wood with raised letters and cover the blocks with ink Then they would place a sheet of paper on the block to make a copy To make the process even more difficult they
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