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During the Harlem Renaissance a new feeling of racial pride emerged in the Black Intelligential The Black Intelligential consisted of African-American writers poets philosophers historians and artists whose expertise conveyed five central themes according to Sterling Brown a writer of that time 1 Africa as a source of race pride 2 Black American heroes 3 racial political propaganda 4 the Black folk tradition and 5 candid self-revelation Two of the main people responsible for this new consciousness were WEB Du Bois and Alain Locke Du Bois laid a foundation for this dawn of racial pride in his essays Locke took Du Bois initial idea one step further with his writings and aiding younger writers and artists that appeared during the Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes was one of the writers that Locke mentored Hughes was a devote believer of exhibiting pride in the Black race this theme was often exhibited in his writing These three men have each contributed and advanced the sentiment of racial pride in their own unique way during the Harlem Renaissance In order to fully understand the contributions of WEB Du Bois Alain Locke and Langston Hughes it is imperative to know their backgrounds William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was born on February 23rd 1868 in Great Barrington Massachusetts He enrolled at Fisk University in Nashville Tennessee where he was an editor for the school newspaper Du Bois was admitted to Harvard in 1888 and in 1891 he received his MA in History After Harvard Du Bois traveled to Europe and studied in Berlin for a year In 1894 he went to Wilberforce University and worked as a Professor of Classics In 1895 Du Bois acquired his PhD from Harvard thus becoming the first African-American to earn a doctorate The following year Du Bois married Nina Gomer In 1897 unable to find an academic position anywhere in the North Du Bois and his new wife moved to Georgia where Du Bois taught
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