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Human Psychology in Literature In literature authors reflect on aspects of life through use of symbolism and characterization The human psyche is an aspect of life that receives much attention Famous psychologist Sigmund Freud classifies the human psyche into three categories the Id the Ego and the Superego Each category represents a different psychological mindset resulting in different reactions amongst different characters Though characters personalities are inherently different the unifying thread of a common motivation throughout humanity binds these separate aspects of human psychology The novel Treasure Island illustrates Sigmund Freuds theories on the human psyche through author RL Stevensons characterization of different figures that each represent different psychological aspects of man These different aspects are interwoven through each characters common motivation for promise of material wealth Robert Louis Stevenson uses the memorable character Long John Silver to represent the pleasure principle or Id in human nature Freud has classified the Id as a personality whose desires are unwilling to be restrained The promise of wealth motivates each character in Stevensons tale but only Silver would kill defenceless bodiesand honest people for the treasure Stevenson 77 Long John Silver exemplifies a personality that relies on pure pleasure without rules and laws to contain wants and desires Silvers continual use of flattery and deception defines the ambitious buccaneer further as a shrewd opportunist who is lacking in morals Beachman 2006 Though Silver is certainly not an ethical character the reader like Jim becomes sore for him wicked as he wasStevenson 167 Though Silver is glib manipulative and capable of being vicious his motivation is the same as every other characters his motivation is only human Beachman 2006 Beca use of this fact Long John Silver cannot be classified as merely evil or good he becomes a great moral enigma in the representation of every humans pleasure part of the psyche Beachman 2006 Long John Silver may be truly different psychologically than
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