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Word Count: 590
Jean Piaget is a Swiss psychologist He is one of the most influential figures in the history of psychology When he was in Paris Piaget studied newborns through adolescences He came up with many interesting findings and facts about cognitive development Piaget studied his own children whom many people found controversial but he found accurate findings Piaget thought that from birth to the age of two the child is a sensory being and information is absorbed through sensory and motor activities Piaget called this stage Sensori-motor Piaget further broke this stage down into six sub-stages The first sub-stage birth-1 month month one the child does not show any real learning simply adaptation and its primary concern is refining its reflexes In the following sub-stage 1-4 months the child refines its circular reactions where they learn from repetition involving their own body For example if an infants hand comes in contact with its own foot it might repeat the same movement over and over again Piaget called this primary circular reaction Also if an object leaves the childs visual field his gaze will remain fixed on the spot where it disappeared because he is expecting it to return If the object fails to appear the baby will focus his attention on other visible objects Piaget calls this behavior passive expectation The third sub-stage 4-10 months involves secondary circular reactions where they enjoy repetition-involving manipulation of their environment At this point in their development they understand that they are the ones causing the change in their surroundings The child begins to reach for things they grab things and bring them closer to the eyes and mouth In this stage object permanence appears For example if an object is halfway hidden the child will search for the whole item During sub-stage four 10-12 months children have learned that objects continue to exist even though the object is no longer in sight During the next
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