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Word Count: 1,074
The Parthenonenjoys the reputation of being the most perfect Doric temple ever built Even in antiquity its architectural refinements were legendary especially the subtle correspondence between the curvature of the stylobate the batter or taper of the naos walls and the entasis of the columns This quote from John Julius Norwhichs book Great Architecture of The World describes perfectly the reason for which the Parthenon in Athens which is probably the most famous and most studied building on earth has had an incredible influence on modern and ancient architecture Buildings even now continue to borrow parts of the doric order of which it is built The Parthenon while deceptively simple in design is in fact an intricate and complex piece of architecture for which the ancient Greeks should be admired The Parthenon built by Pericles between 447 and 438 BC to immortalize the greatness of Athens and secure it a place in history did its job very well As mentioned before the Parthenon is deceptively simple in design It is simple because the structural elements are not overly complex This is the result of a design process that focuses on determining the size and proportions of the columns which are used in turn to determine every other aspect of the buildings design and size The width of the average column base is in fact used to determine most of the other major dimensions of the structure and most importantly the interaxial spacing the distance from column center to column center determines the center as well as the height of the colonnade and the height of the entire facade These measurements seem insignificant to us but to the Greeks they appear to have been incredibly important and reflect a great deal of experimentation This approach to architecture may seem somewhat odd to us but if we think of architectural design primarily as a complex problem of geometry the Parthenon will make more
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