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Looking at the ethnohistoric sources of the Crow Indians can help construct the settlement and subsistence patterns of the prehistoric counterparts of the Crow According to one source Joseph Medicine Crows book From the Heart of the Crow Country the reader is informed that when the Absarokee separated from the main tribe believed to be the Hidatsa they abandoned the ways of agriculture and went back to the nomadic ways of hunting and gathering Because of the hunting they were always on the move and this lead to constant warfare with other tribes of the Plains and the mountains for prime locations Medicine Crow 1992 4 As far as the social organization the primary unit is the family with the clan being the secondary unit The clan is made up of distantly related families with membership based on matrilineal descent This mens that a person belongs to his or her mothers clan not the fathers clan Then as the tribe population increased it divided into sub-tribes or bands for the convenience and travel These bands were governed by band chiefs which were supported and advised by a body of other chieftains These band chiefs managed the affairs of important ceremonies and maintenance of law and order The tribe of the Crow consisted of two main bands the River Crow - who lived along the Missouri Milk and Yellowstone Rivers - and the Mountain Crow - who enjoyed the life along the high ranges of northern Wyoming and southern Montana There is a third group called Kicked in the Bellies and these are closely related to the Mountain Crow Medicine Crow 1992 5 The economy of the Crow is based simply on the availability of game and the edible plants and the tribes ability to find and procure them In the Crow country for both Mountain and River Crow both game and plant food were abundant Men were responsible for the hunting of game only while
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