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Karl Marxs Theory of Alienation Karl Marxs theory of alienation presents us with a grim view of capitalist society and the dehumanising effect that this society has on the worker Marxs theory of alienation refers to human beings becoming alienated from the society that according to Marx they created As society develops human beings gradually begin to feel that it is not of their making and they do not feel at home in such a place Marxs idea of worker alienation refers to the worker being stripped of all his inherent human qualities as a result of the production process which in turn alienates and estranges him from what he is and what he does There are four main components in regards to Marxs theory of alienation and in the course of this essay I intend to examine each of these in some detail in order to extract the core meaning of Marxs theory and in doing so show this theorys relevance to modern day society The Four Components of Marxs Theory of Alienation are 1Alienation from the product 2Alienation from the production process 3Alienation from the species 4Alienation from fellow man 1 Alienation from the product Firstly in the capitalist society Marx points out how the worker becomes alienated from the product he produces This is as a result of the profit-obsessed economy in which he exists The worker in this economy cares nothing for the product he is merely churning out units as the economy requires He does not possess nor care for the fruits of his labour they are simply a stage in the production process What he produces is for exchange and not for himself The labourer does not own the product that he produces it belongs to the capitalist The capitalist is a term Marx uses regularly in his writings and it refers to the employer or person who runs this dehumanising environment Marx believed that the worker
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