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Word Count: 671
On Good Friday in 1963 53 blacks led by Rev Martin Luther King Jr marched into downtown Birmingham to protest the existing segregation laws All were arrested This caused the clergymen of this Southern town to compose a letter appealing to the black population to stop their demonstrations This letter appeared in the Birmingham Newspaper In response Martin Luther King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for racial equality Martin Luther Kings Letter from Birmingham Jail strives to justify the desperate need for nonviolent direct action the absolute immorality of unjust laws together with what a just law is as well as the increasing probability of the Negro resorting to extreme disorder and bloodshed in addition to his utter disappointment with the Church who in his opinion had not lived up to their responsibilities as people of God Kings justification to the eight clergymen for protesting segregation begins with a profound explanation of their actions Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue The actions of the African American people are overdue and very well planned as King had explained in the letter Their quest was to force the white politicians to negotiate and actually heed the requests for desegregation As King explains past promises have been broken by the politicians and merchants of Birmingham and now is the time to fulfill the natural right of all people to be treated equal Violence is not what King wants he simply wants unjust laws to change and the Supreme Courts 1954 ruling to be upheld Secondly Kings answer to the clergymens assertion that breaking the law is not the way to achieve the results the African American is looking for Conversely one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws
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