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When are Majoritarian democracies more representative than Consensual democracies The past twenty five years has seen the rapid proliferation of democracy Notably the areas of Eastern Europe and Latin America have experienced both the demise of autocratic and dictatorial regimes and in turn their replacement with Democratic forms of government The two most common forms of democratic government are firstly majoritarian democracy often associated with either presidential systems or Westminster style parliamentary regimes with single member district or first past the post systems and secondly Consensus democracies which are mostly associated with proportional representation electoral systems in parliamentary government When looking at when majoritarian democracies are more representative than Consensual democracies it is important not only to centre on the electoral or legislative side of democracy but in addition the executive representation of the electorate an equally crucial dimension of the political process and furthermore other attributes of the electoral system such as district magnitude and the influence of presidential elections on legislative elections Firstly by using the Sainte Lague index from which the formulae is similar to the one utilized in Lijpharts table of average electoral disproportionality 1999 it is visible that Westminster systems have higher values of disproportionality than systems of proportional representation For example Lijpharts table illustrates the countries of Sweden and The Netherlands both consensus democracies as scoring an average electoral disproportionality of 209 and 130 respectively When comparing this to The United Kingdom and Canada both majoritarian democracies who score 1033 and 1172 respectively it is clear that Consensus democracies demonstrate greater levels of representation than majoritarian democracies in the correlation between votes and seats in elections This is evident in a majoritarian democracy such as that of the United Kingdom where more parties win greater amounts of the popular vote but are denied legislative representation in Parliament As Allen
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