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When reading Italo Calvinos Nonexistent Knight it is easy to consider that he may have based his characters on Marcias theory of identity development Or when studying Marcias theory of identity development it is easy to ponder whether or not he developed his theory based on the actions of Calvinos characters Neither of these instances however is the case It would be anachronistic to say Calvinos book was influenced by Marcias theory and it would be illogical to believe that Marcia based his theory solely on fictional characters especially one who doesnt really exist Nevertheless there are striking similarities between the thought patterns of these two men and their understanding of human nature Marcias theory of identity development expands on Eriksons fifth stage of psychosocial development which is the stage of identity versus identity confusion In applications of his theory Marcia examines the interactions and the resulting effects of identity exploration and identity commitment He then categorizes individuals into one of three fours groups based on their levels of both commitment and exploration These categorizations are designed to pinpoint where an individual is in regards to his or her identity development If an individual has not engaged in any identity exploration and has no commitment to any identity or any ideals the individual is said to be identity-diffused Gurduloo serves as a terrific as an identity-diffused individual He doesnt even have any commitment to a name Whatever Gurduloo is around Gurduloo becomes whether it is soup a ball or tree He has no sense of individuality or identity at all and shows no commitment to any identity Gurduloo is not actively exploring identity options either While he does show a wide variance in his choices of objects to imitate Gurduloo does not seriously consider any choice He simply becomes on thing until another thing comes along and distracts him Just like his identity his actions and thoughts are very diffused A person whose engaging in
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