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Max Weber struggled to discover a vantage point from which he could objectivelyanalyze and view the world Weber sought to demystify the ideological constraints found withinsocial institutions of society Within the excerpted chapter Science as a Vocation Weberinvestigates the social dynamics of natural science its place within understanding of the modernworld and its contributions and limitations as an academic vocation Moreover Weber dismissesthe positivistic assertion that social science and natural science maintain identical cognitiveaims The following essay will highlight some of the key arguments made by Weber in relation Two key arguments first arise from Webers discussion of the positions of both socialscientific and natural scientific investigation within our modern world First Weber discerns thatsocial science and natural science fundamentally differ in their cognitive aims Inherently heargues that it is not differences in methods of investigation that distinguishes social science fromnatural science but rather differences in their scientific interests In illustration the socialscientist desires to understand the social being and therein desires to understand theparticularities of human beings which cause their social behavior Whereas the natural scientistis devoted to investigating natural events and materials which can be explained in terms ofabstract law However Weber argued that although they differ in their cognitive aims theypossess the same driving or motivating force- passion Weber contends that it is a passion forthe subject which drives both the social and natural scientist to investigation of our worldSecondly Weber concedes that both modalities of investigation are defensible butneither is able to encompass phenomena in their totality For example laws of physics mayprovide us with answers as to why our bodies remain fixed to the earth but they cannot provideexplanation as to why humans seek to break these very laws Therefore he argued that neithervocation is subsumed by or privileged superior to the other and each presents limitations withinits methodology Furthermore Weber argued that natural science has a fate that profoundlydistinguishes it from artistic work- science is chained to social progress
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